Diabetes relates to a persistent elevation in blood glucose levels. Many factors influence the development and management of diabetes including genetics, weight, predisposing medical conditions and diet. A healthy diet that is rich in lean protein, healthy grains, fruits and vegetables have a beneficial impact on stabilizing blood sugar levels. Foods that are high in starch, sugar and saturated fat can cause spikes in blood glucose levels and contribute to weight gain. Excess weight is a risk factor in the development of diabetes and people trying to manage their blood sugar levels should take steps to manage their weight.
Persistent elevations in your blood sugar levels can indicate the presence of diabetes. People with diabetes are at risk for heart attack, coronary artery disease and stroke. In addition, their risk of high blood pressure, kidney failure and pancreatic conditions also may rise. Although some people may require the use of medications such as oral hypoglycemic medications or injections of insulin to manage their elevated blood sugar levels, there are a number of other ways to lower your blood sugar levels in the absence of medications.
Blood sugar is greatly influenced by your diet and the amount of foods that your consume, as well as the types of foods you consume may affect your blood sugar levels. Food is comprised of protein, fat and carbohydrates, and each of these components are necessary elements of a healthy diet, Carbohydrates, however, typically have the most pronounced effect on blood sugar levels. Carbohydrates are found in foods such as potatoes, rice, bread, cereals and pasta. They are also found in milk, fruit, sweets and yogurt. In addition, carbohydrates can cause an excessive rise in blood sugar, especially after meals. People with diabetes need to keep track of their carbohydrate consumption and should spread out the consumption of carbohydrates throughout the day.